What are the Benefits of Raised Bed Gardening?

If you want to grow your own food, but don’t have a yard to plant in, raised bed gardening might be the solution for you. In fact, even if you DO have a yard, the benefits of raised bed gardening are such that you might want to forgo the soil and build a bed anyway.

Spring is right around the corner, and we’ve been daydreaming about all the possibilities of DIY raised bed garden options, but we’re also stoked to see that there are so many raised bed garden kits available for those who think gardening is enough of a project!

benefits of raised bed gardening

What are the Benefits of Raised Bed Gardening?

1. Better Soil

Julie Day writes in her article about the benefits of raised bed gardening that, “Raised planting beds allow greater control over the quality of the soil. You can even bring in new soil or incorporate more nutritious organic matter to improve the growing conditions. Soil pH, texture, depth, and richness are all right at your fingertips with raised beds.” Learning how to compost and amend the soil naturally is a great skill to have, and with smaller spaces you can take advantage of small-batch amendments.

2. Better Drainage

Root Simple explains that one of the best benefits of raised bed gardening is that you can maintain better water levels, especially good in water-logged climates. Raised beds with bottoms will also drain excess water faster– but this can be good and bad. If the soil drains too quickly, you’ll need to build the soil to hold more moisture, but not so much that it makes the roots rot. Day also notes that the small space of raised bed gardens is a great way to maximize water usage, by using drip irrigation or a soaker hose. If it’s small enough you can even water by hand.

wine-box-container-garden
garden boxes made from wine boxes.

3. Longer Growing Season

Day writes that, “raised beds warm up faster in spring than the surrounding soil, which allows you to plant a little earlier. Likewise, in fall, they tend to stay warmer and produce longer.” Raised beds can be home to hoops and cloths to make it all-season (or at least longer seasons).

4. Better Pest Control– Usually

This varies wildly depending on the method you choose for your raised bed. If you’re using wattle or logs, the insects and critters will still have full access to your sprouts and leaves. If you choose a raised bed that’s off the ground (like many of these raised bed garden kits) you will likely have reduced pest issues. As always, choose organic and natural pest control methods to ensure your family and fruits are safe.

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A simple raised garden bed, image from Rodale

5. Better for Everyone’s Ability

If you have family members with mobility issues, a higher raised bed is a great option. A higher raised bed will also keep animals like dogs and cats from using it as their bathroom, and keep out hungry bunnies. A higher bed can deter slugs and other pests too, so it’s a win-win. But even for those without mobility issues, raised beds offer a huge advantage of reducing back strain. As Earth Easy explains, “By raising the soil level, raised garden beds reduce back strain when bending over to tend the bed. And if the beds are built well, the gardener can sit on the edge of the bed while weeding, and for some gardeners this is the biggest benefit of all.”

Farmer D raised bed garden
Farmer D raised bed garden options

6. Better Use of Seeds

Being Frugal explains that raised bed gardening can help save your seeds too. “In a raised bed garden, you plant only the amount of seeds you need. Properly stored, the additional seeds will be good for another year or two, saving you money on next year’s garden.”

7. Create a Unique & Organized Garden Space

While a permaculture backyard might seem appealing, it also might seem messy. If you’re looking for a more organized solution, raised beds give you just what you need. And with so many options, you can find a raised bed garden solution that fits into your yard perfectly, whether it’s logs, rocks, or even cinder blocks. Check out our post about ideas for raised bed gardening and find so many ways to make your garden uniquely gorgeous and organized.

8. More Ways to Grow!

Whether you live in a high-rise, a walk-up, or a house with a huge yard, raised beds offer a wide variety of ways to think about growing food. Check out these great tutorials for keyhole gardening, Hugelkutur (mound gardening), square foot gardening, or start simple with some container gardening. And don’t forget about vertical gardening, which maximizes your raised bed even further. Get started with this easy weekend project tutorial.

benefits of raised bed gardening

Are there Cons to Raised Bed Gardening?

Despite all the benefits, there are still some negatives to consider when thinking about raised beds. As laid out by Root Simple, the negatives of raised bed gardening include:

  • Requires materials to construct.
  • Might need to buy soil–gardening in the ground is free.
  • Roots dry out quicker in a hot climate.
  • Lack of mineral content in bagged soils.
  • Use of peat moss in bagged products.
  • Unable to truly embrace the “no dig” philosophy: despite best efforts to the contrary, it seems the soil needs to be swapped out every few years. It’s container gardening, really.

About the Author

A vegan chef, cookbook author, educator, writer, surfer, and yogi based in San Francisco, Andrea is also the Accounts Manager for Important Media. Follow her foodie adventures at AndreaBertoli.com, Vibrant Wellness Journal, Green Living Ideas and Eat Drink Better. Find more from Andrea on Facebook and Instagram